Level descriptions

The general levels of the Dutch language are expressed regarding the so called Meijerink-level as the following:

1F: Basic user. The level at the end of primary school
2F: Independent user. The level at the end of VMBO (bb/kd) and MBO year 1 and 2;
2F: Independent user. The level at the end of vmbo gl/tl, mbo-4 and havo;
3F: Skilled user. The level at the end of a pre-university education.

The Dutch language levels are expressed regarding the CEF-level:

A1-A2: basic user
A2-B1: Independent user
C1-C2: Skilled user

Able to use and understand the daily conversations. The student is able to introduce him/herself to ask questions about his/her daily life, like where he/she lives, people he/she knows and the things he/she has.

A2 (1F)
The student is able to make sentences and is able to understand the most comprehensive descriptions (like personal information, family, shopping, local geography, work). The student can describe in simple terms aspects of own backgroudn, own environment and issues to various needs.

B1 (2F)
The student can understand key points from clear standard texts on familiar matters regularly encountered at work, school and leisure. The student can cope with most situations that may arise when traveling in areas where the relevant language is spoken. The student can produce simple running text on topics that are familiar or of personal interest. The student can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes and ambitions and can briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans.

B2 (3F)
The student understands the main idea of ​​a complex text, on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in own field. The student can react fluently and spontaneously that normal exchange with native speakers is possible without strain for either party. The student an produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of topics; can express a point of view on a topical issue, explaining the pros and cons of various options.

C1 (4F)
The student can understand a wide range of demanding, lengthy texts and recognize implicit meaning. The student can express himself fluently and spontaneously without demonstrably having to search for expressions. The student can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes. The student can produce clear, well-structured and detailed text on complex topics, using organizational structures and connecting words

The student can easily understand almost anything he hears or reads. The student can summarize information from various spoken and written sources, reconstruct arguments and report coherently. The student can express himself spontaneously, fluently and precisely, distinguishing fine nuances of meaning, even in more complex situations.